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Copper for Kids



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Copper Properties
Atomic Structure
How Copper is Made
Copper in Your Life
Uses and Applications of Copper
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How Copper is Made

This is a diagram explaining how copper is made.

Copper is rare in its natural form in nature.

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Mill Crushing Plant
 
Copper Ore is transported to crushing plant, crushed into appropriate size for grinding, conveyed to concentrator.
 
 
 
 
 
 

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Smelter
 
Ore runs through furnaces a series of times, non-copper elements are burned off or seperated, resulting in 99 percent pure molten copper ("blister"), then poured into anode molds.
 
 
 
 

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Rod Plant
 
Some cathode is shipped directly to customers, but the rest is sent to a rod plant where it is spun into 5/16" diameter coils of cast copper rod.

Obtained from chalcopyrite, coveline, and chalcosine.

Mine
 
Copper ore is mined from an open pit or underground

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Mill Concentrator
 
Ore is ground into rod and ball mills, sent to flotation machines, makes concentrate of 30 percent copper, 27 percent iron, and 33 percent sulfer.

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Electrolytic Refinery
 
3 electrolyes (sulfuric acid, copper sulfate, and plating regants) are used to transfer copper from an anode at the positive pole to the cathode at the negative pole resulting in 99.9999 percent pure copper.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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